Открытый доступ Открытый доступ  Ограниченный доступ Доступ для подписчиков

Распределение остаточных сжимающих напряжений в стальных зубчатых колесах после индукционной закалки: влияние параметров на искажения, твердость и фазовый состав

Р. И. Навин, П. Динеш Бабу, П. Маримусу, Сандеш Санджеев Фалке

Аннотация


Исследованы зубчатые колеса модулем 2,5 из стали EN24 после индукционной закалки при разных мощностях (30 - 55 кВт). Определено влияние закалки на микроструктуру, микротвердость, остаточные напряжения и искажения геометрии зуба колес. Установлен режим закалки для получения минимальных искажений размеров зуба.

Ключевые слова


gear; induction hardening; residual stresses; retained austenite; distortion

Полный текст:

PDF

Литература


Fernandes P. J., Mcduling C. Surface contact fatigue failures in gears // Eng. Fail. Anal. 1997. V. 4(2). P. 99 - 107.

Fernandes P. J. Tooth bending fatigue failures in gears // Eng. Fail. Anal. 1996. V. 3(3). P. 219 - 225.

Schneider M. J., Chatterjee M. S. Introduction to surface hardening of steels // ASM Handbook. 2013. P. 389 - 398.

Matsui K., Eto H., Yukitake K. et al. Increase in fatigue limit of gears by compound surface refining using vacuum carburizing, contour induction hardening and double shot peening // JSME Int. J. Series A: Solid Mech and Mater Eng. 2002. V. 45(2). P. 290 - 297.

Bertini L., Fontanari V. Fatigue behaviour of induction hardened notched components // Int. J. Fatig. 1999. V. 21(6). P. 611 - 617.

Da Silva A. D., Pedrosa T. A., Gonzalez Mendez J. L. et al. Distortion in quenching an AISI 4140 C-ring Predictions and experiments // Mater. Des. 2012. V. 42. P. 55 - 61.

Sugianto A., Narazaki M., Kogawara M. et al. Numerical simulation and experimental verification of carburizing-quenching process of SCr420H steel helical gear // J. Mater. Process Tech. 2009. V. 209(7). P. 3597 - 3609.

Benedetti M., Fontanari V., Hцhn Br. et al. Influence of shot peening on bending tooth fatigue limit of case hardened gears // Int. J. Fatig. 2002. V. 24(11). P. 1127 - 1136.

Rudnev V. Induction hardening of gears and critical components // Gear Tech. 2008. P. 58 - 63.

Da Sun S., Liu Q., Brandt M. et al. Effect of laser clad repair on the fatigue behaviour of ultra-high strength AISI 4340 steel // Mater. Sci. Eng. A. 2014. V. 606. P. 46 - 57.

Sahoo A., Mishra P. A response surface methodology and desirability approach for predictive modeling and optimization of cutting temperature in machining hardened steel // J. Indus. Eng. Int. 2014. V. 5(3). P. 407 - 416.

Narazaki M., Totten G. E., Webster G. M. Hardening by reheating and quenching // ASM International. Materials Park, OH. 2002. P. 248 - 295.

Zoch H. W. From single production step to entire process chain the global approach of Distortion // Eng. Mat.-wiss. u. Werkstofftech. 2006. V. 37(1). P. 6 - 10.

Klein D., Seifert M., Thoben K. D. Taking the distortion of component parts along a manufacturing chain into consideration during planning // Mat.-wiss. u. Werkstofftech. 2009. V. 40. P. 349 - 353.

Yi J., Gharghouri M., Bocher P. et al. Distortion and residual stress measurements of induction hardened AISI 4340 discs // Mater. Chem. Phy. 2013. V. 142(1). P. 248 - 258.

Raadnui S. Spur gear wear analysis as applied for tribological based predictive maintenance diagnostics // Wear. 2019. V. 426. P. 1748 - 1760.

Muniyappa A., Chandramohan S., Seethapathy S. Detection and diagnosis of gear tooth wear through metallurgical and oil analysis // Tribo Online. 2010. V. 5(2). P. 102 - 110.

Zhang B., Liu H., Bai H. et al. Ratchetting multiaxial fatigue damage analysis in gear rolling contact considering tooth surface roughness // Wear. 2019. V. 428. P. 137 - 146.

Liu H., Liu H., Zhu C. et al. A review on micropitting studies of steel gears // Coat. 2019. V. 42. P. 1 - 27.

Fitzpatrick M., Fry T., Holdway P. NPL good practice guide no. 52: Determination of residual stresses by x-ray diffraction. Issue 2. NPL Great Britain, 2005.

Anderoglu O. Residual Stress Measurement Using X-Ray Diffraction (Dissertation). Texas A&M University, 2005.

Hilley M. E., Larson J. A., Jatczak C. F. et al. Residual Stress Measurement by x-ray Diffraction-SAE J784a. New York: Soc. Auto Eng. Incorp. 1971.

ASTM E. 915: Standard Test Method for Verifying the Alignment of x-ray Diffraction Instrumentation for Residual Stress Measurement. ASTM Int. West Conshohocken PA, 2003.

Zackay V. F., Parker E. R., Fahr D. et al. The enhancement of ductility in high-strength steels // ASM Transac Quart.1967. V. 60(2). P. 252 - 259.

Gerberich W. W., Hemmings P. L., Merz M. D. et al. Preliminary toughness results on trip steel. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory // LBNL Report: UCRL-18203. 1968. P. 1 - 15.

Jatczak C. F. Retained Austenite and its Measurement by x-ray Diffraction. SAE Transac. 1980. P. 1657 - 1676.

ASTM E. 975-03: Standard practice for x-ray determination of retained austenite in steel with near random crystallographic orientation // ASTM, West Conshohocken, PA, 2008.

Verhoeven J. D. Steel metallurgy for the non-metallurgist // ASM Int. 2007. P. 99 - 105.

ASM Handbook. Heat Treating // ASM Int. 1991. V. 4. P. 211.

Callister W. D., Rethwisch D. G. Materials science and engineering: an introduction. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2007.

Humphreys F. J., Hatherly M. Chapter 11. Grain growth following recrystallization // Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena. 2007. P. 333 - 378.

Rudnev V., Loveless D., Cook R. L. // Handbook of induction heating. CRC press, 2017.

Raadnui S. Spur gear wear analysis as applied for tribological based predictive maintenance diagnostics // Wear. 2019. V. 426. P. 1748 - 1760.

Kristoffersen H., Vomacka P. Influence of process parameters for induction hardening on residual stresses // Mater. Des. 2001. V. 22(8). P. 637 - 644.

Loh N. L., Siewl W. Residual stress profiles of plasma nitride steels // Sur. Eng. 1999. V. 15(2). P. 137 - 142.

Barlow L. D., Du Toit M. Effect of the austenitising heat treatment on the microstructure and hardness of martensitic stainless steel AISI 420 // J. Mater. Eng. Perfor. 2012. V. 21(7). P. 1327 - 1336.

Lee J. B., Kang N., Park J. T. et al. Kinetics of carbide formation for quenching and tempering steels during high-frequency induction heat treatment // Mater. Chem. Phys. 2011. V. 129(1 - 2). P. 365 - 370.





© Издательский дом «Фолиум», 1993–2021